L&R Dental

What Is Gum Disease?

November 26, 2020
Posted By: LR Dental
Gums and teeth model - gum treatment Toowoomba

Did you know that decay and tooth wear aren’t the only ways to lose a tooth?

Gum disease is another reason that you can lose your teeth. It is defined into two categories, gingivitis and periodontitis. 



Do you brush or floss your teeth and find that they often bleed and hurt if you put too much pressure on them? If this is the case then it is highly likely you have gingivitis.

This also varies from mild to severe, mild gingivitis is generally not the easiest to identify as usually, the bleeding will happen in a few areas and often when flossing.

Severe gingivitis is easier to notice as there is a visible difference in the gums, often they are puffy and red looking and bleed even with the slightest pressure.

Gingivitis is defined as the inflammation of the gums around the teeth and this is something that can be reversed with the correct at-home care and regular professional cleans with your hygienist. It can take anywhere from 4-16 days for bleeding to completely stop or at least reduce.



Periodontitis starts off the same as gingivitis, but the difference is that this type of gum disease can affect the bone and supporting structures surrounding the tooth by loosening and wearing it down until the tooth becomes loose.

This type of disease cannot be reversed as you can’t grow your bone back, however, regular active maintenance and meticulous at-home care can stop the progression.

Both periodontitis and gingivitis are caused due to the presence of bacteria and can react differently depending on the individual. Not everyone that has gingivitis automatically gets periodontitis, but it certainly increases the risk.

Periodontitis can also be influenced by other social and genetic factors.


Treat Your Gum Disease

It is important to have regular check-ups as our dentists will check for any signs of gum disease and tailor a plan that best suits you to get this under control. For more information on gum disease and dental treatments, get in touch with our friendly team today. 

Contact us online or call us on (07) 4632 1374.