What is causing Periodontitis?
Periodontitis is most commonly caused by the accumulation of plaque and tartar. Plaque can begin to infect your gums, which leads to gingivitis and may ultimately progress to periodontitis. Periodontitis can result in gum recession and even degradation of bone tissue. In extreme cases, pockets in the gum tissue can form causing your teeth to loosen.
What are the symptoms of periodontitis?
The symptoms of periodontitis may include:
- Swollen and/or reddened gums
- Bleeding when brushing or flossing
- Bad breath
- Severe buildup of tartar
- Tooth and/or gum sensitivity
Treatment Options for Periodontal Disease
If periodontitis is caught early, your dentist may be able to implement a non-surgical approach known as scaling and root planing. Plaque and tartar are removed from your teeth and their roots using specialised instruments. The roots are smoothed to prevent the further accumulation of bacteria. Local anesthesia is used to make you more comfortable during the procedure. Once this process has been completed, the infection stops, and your gums look healthy again.
If your periodontitis is more advanced, it may become increasingly difficult to keep the pockets in your gums clean. You Dentist might advise you to see a Periodontist, a specialist in treating gum disease. He will perform a comprehensive examination of your gums and suggest possible treatment options to alleviate the problem. Specialist can fold back the gum tissue and clean the infected area, allowing it to ultimately reattach to the bone.
If your gums have receded, exposing the roots of your teeth, gum grafts may be used to cover them. Periodontist can harvested the tissues from other areas of your mouth and use them to repair your gums. Exposed roots can increase tooth sensitivity and open you up to problems with decay and gum grafting can fix these issues.
If you have advanced gum disease, you may be suffering from abscesses. An abscess presents as a swollen, red area on the gumline. You may also feel a sharp pain in your gums. It’s best to get an abscess looked at by your dentist ASAP. Your abscess will most likely need to be drained and the area deeply cleaned under local anesthetic. In some cases, you can be prescribed an antibiotic to clear up the infection. You can also be advised to see your doctor for a screening blood test that will ensure that the condition of your gum is not aggravated by underlying diseases such as diabetes.
Bone grafts are used to promote new bone growth in areas that have been afflicted by periodontitis. The area is cleaned thoroughly and bone tissue (either organic or synthetic) is introduced where the bone loss has occurred. Tissue-stimulating proteins are used to aid your body in growing new bone.
Pericoronitis and wisdom tooth
Pericoronitis can occur more often than not when a wisdom tooth becomes impacted. A flap of tissue forms over the tooth and particles of food can become trapped, leading to the accumulation of bacteria. In this instance, your dentist may recommend that you rinse your mouth and gums with salted water to flush out any debris. Antibiotics and/or painkillers may be used for any lingering infection. The Dentist could also advise if this wisdom tooth has to come out and if you need a referral to see an Oral Surgeon to get it done.
Act fast if you have any symptoms!
Prevention is always better than cure.
Cut down on sugar, practice good oral hygiene, and regularly check your teeth and gums for irregularities.
Regular dental checkups are the best way forward for keeping on top of your oral health. In the meantime, if you suspect you’re suffering from gum disease at any stage, it’s best not to delay.
Here at L & R Dental, we’re ready to answer all your questions and provide you with expert advice on the best course of action to maintain your smile.
Contact us today. You’ll be glad you did.